Corns and calluses are a thickening of the skin due to increased pressure or friction. A corn or callus usually occurs over a bony prominence such as a contracted toe, hammer toe or bunion. Some other factors that may cause a corn or callus to develop are poor fitting shoes or socks and activities that increase stress/pressure on the foot such as athletic events. When corns and calluses become painful there are several non-surgical options for treatment. Non-medicated corn pads or callus pads, bunion pads, hammer toe cushions, foot files, pumice stones and exfoliating creams are all options to help alleviate the pain associated with corns and calluses. If pain persists or the area becomes red or inflamed, you should contact a medical professional such as a podiatrist.